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Key facts about Swansea

Swansea in figures.

  • Swansea is the second largest city in Wales and the regional commercial centre for South West Wales.
  • Land area: 379.7 sq. kilometres - approximately 69.5% rural and 30.5% urban. 1
  • Population: 238,500 (2021 Census) - the second largest unitary authority in Wales - with a population density of 632 people per sq. km. (Wales: 150). 2
  • Population change: The 2021 Census reported that the usually resident population of Swansea was approximately 500 or 0.2 per cent less than the 2011 Census total. 3
  • Births and Deaths: There were 2,067 babies born in Swansea in 2021, and 2,747 deaths registered in the year. 4
  • Life expectancy at birth in Swansea now stands at 77.5 years for males (Wales 78.3) and 81.8 for females (Wales 82.1); with healthy life expectancy 61.9 years for males and 60.5 years for females. 5
  • Housing: Swansea contains around 112,100 dwellings (March 2020), with 65.5% (73,400) of all stock owner-occupied; 21,300 (19.0%) social rented and 17,400 (15.5%) private rented. 6
  • Households: There are 105,000 households with at least one usual resident in Swansea (2021 Census), increasing by 1,500 (+1.4%) since the previous Census in 2011. 7
  • Swansea Council consists of 32 Electoral Wards, represented by 75 local Councillors. 8
  • Schools: There are 93 local authority maintained schools in Swansea (February 2022) including 77 primary schools and 14 secondary schools.  12 schools are Welsh medium. 9
  • Pupils: Swansea schools contain 35,902 pupils (all ages), with 28,786 aged 5-15 (February 2022). 9
  • Higher and Further Education: Swansea is home to campus centres for Swansea University, University of Wales Trinity St. David and Gower College Swansea, which together support around 29,000 full-time students (2020-21). 10
  • Qualifications: 62.0% of Swansea's residents aged 16-64 are qualified to NVQ levels 3 and 4 (2021) - Wales 58.2%. 11
  • Welsh language: In 2011, 11.4% of people in Swansea aged three and over were able to speak Welsh. 12
  • Ethnicity: Swansea had a minority ethnic group (non-White) population of around 14,300 in 2011 - 6.0% of the total population. 12
  • Country of birth: In 2021, 75% of Swansea's population were born in Wales, with 22,500 (9.4%) residents born outside the UK. 12
  • Economic output: GVA (Gross Value Added) per head in Swansea stands at £22,817 (2020); 8.6% above the Wales level but 21.0% below the UK average. 13
  • Economic activity: 77.2% of Swansea's working age (16-64) residents are economically active, with 117,200 in employment (72.4% of working age) (year to June 2022). 14
  • Employment: 108,000 people work in Swansea, mostly (89.8%) in the service sectors, with 29.6% (31,900) employed in the public sector (2021).  An estimated 27,000 people commute into Swansea each day (2021).15
  • Businesses: There were 7,930 active businesses in Swansea in 2020, with 1,050 recorded business 'births' and 895 'deaths' in the year. 16
  • Earnings: Average (median) earnings for full-time employees in Swansea stand at £593.10 per week and £30,262 per year (April 2022). 17
  • Unemployment: 5,000 people in Swansea (4.1% of the economically active population aged 16+) are unemployed (survey period ending June 2022).  The administrative claimant count (September 2022) was 5,400 (3.5% of working age residents). 18
  • Deprivation: The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) 2019 identified 11.5% of Swansea's local areas as falling within the top 10% most deprived in Wales. 19
  • Transport:  Swansea contains 1,128.2 kilometres (km) of roads (2021-2022), of which 15.3km is motorway and 102.3km is 'A' road.  There are 164,600 licensed vehicles in Swansea (June 2022), including 127,500 cars. 20
  • Agriculture: Around 20,900 hectares of land is farmed in the county, with around 380 economically active farms (June 2020). 21
  • Urban Conservation: Swansea currently contains 31 Conservation Areas, 122 Ancient Monuments and over 500 Listed Buildings. 22
  • Waste and recycling: 113,200 tonnes of waste was collected or generated in Swansea in 2021-22, of which 73,600 tonnes (65.1%) was reused, recycled or composted (Wales average 65.2%). 23
  • House Prices: In August 2022, the average house sale price in Swansea was £196,492 - average for Wales £220,059. 24
  • Tourism: Estimates suggest that 4.79 million people visited Swansea Bay in 2019 spending £477.22 million. 25

 

Sources and links:

  1.  Rural Urban Classification (2011) of Output Areas in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (ONS).  Further information is available at www.swansea.gov.uk/geography
  2.  2021 Census, ONS.  Further statistics, including population by age, are available at www.swansea.gov.uk/2021census_results
  3.  2021 Census, ONS.  Further information at www.swansea.gov.uk/2021census_results
  4.  Birth and death registrations summary tables 2021, ONS.
  5.  Health state life expectancy statistics, 2018-20, ONS.
  6.  Dwelling stock estimates March 2020, WG statistics.
  7.  2021 Census, ONS.
  8.  Further information and statistics about Swansea's wards is available at www.swansea.gov.uk/wardprofiles
  9.  Pupil Level Annual School Census (PLASC), February 2022.  WG statistics (published August 2022).
  10.  Higher and Further Education Statistics 2020-21, WG (published February 2022).
  11.  Annual Population Survey (APS) estimates 2021, ONS.  Further information included in the Swansea Economic Profile available at www.swansea.gov.uk/economicprofile 
  12.  2021 Census, ONS.  Census statistics are available at www.swansea.gov.uk/census
  13.  Regional GVA (Gross Value Added) statistics 2020, ONS. 
  14.  APS estimates for survey period ending June 2022, ONS. 
  15.  a) Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES) workplace-based estimates 2021, ONS.  b) Commuting tables 2021, published by WG using APS estimates.
  16.  Business demography statistics 2020, ONS.
  17.  Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) April 2022, ONS.
  18.  Labour Market Statistics, ONS.  Note: further information on items 14-19 available at www.swansea.gov.uk/economicprofile
  19.  Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) 2019, WG.  Further information and local data available at www.swansea.gov.uk/wimd2019
  20.  a) Road Lengths and Conditions 2021-22, WG.  b) Vehicle Licensing Statistics 2022 (Table VEH0105), Department for Transport.
  21.  Annual Welsh Agricultural Survey June 2020, WG.
  22.  Further information on individual listed buildings, ancient monuments and conservation areas in Swansea is available via www.swansea.gov.uk/placemakingandheritage
  23.  WasteDataFlow and Local Authority Municipal Waste Management statistics 2021-22, WG.
  24.  Land Registry House Price Index (HPI) August 2022, ONS.  Further statistics on house prices and sales at www.swansea.gov.uk/economicprofile
  25.  STEAM research summary 2019 (Scarborough Tourism Economic Activity Model).  Further information available at Tourism research and statistics

 

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