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The Census is the largest single survey of the UK population - background information about the 2011 Census, local statistics and reports, previous Censuses, the next Census - preparing for 2021.

The Census aims to count all people and households at the same time and, by asking a core set of questions, allow comparison between different areas and different groups of people.

The information from the Census enables central and local government to target resources and plan service provision more effectively. It also provides a broad range of demographic, social and economic statistics for use by other public services, the business and academic sectors, and the community.

The Census has been carried out on a single nominated day every 10 years since 1801, with just one interruption (during the Second World War) in 1941. The most recent Census was held on 27 March 2011. In England and Wales, the Census is currently undertaken by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Elsewhere in the UK, responsibility lies with National Records of Scotland and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency.

This page contains links to the following:

2011 Census:

The next Census - preparing for 2021

Local statistics and information from previous Censuses: 2001 and 1991.

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