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Labour market statistics

20 April 2021

The latest summary claimant count and unemployment statistics for the City & County of Swansea are:

Claimant count total* (11 March 2021): 8,900; rate: 5.7%

   Change (month): +105 (+1.2%); (year): +3,565 (+66.8%).

Unemployment estimate** (survey year to December 2020): 6,100; rate: 5.1%  

   Change (year): +1,500 (+32.6%).  95% confidence interval (year to Dec-20): +/-2,100 (people); +/-1.9% (rate).

Our latest quarterly PDF Document Labour Market Statistics bulletin (PDF, 889KB)Opens new window summarises the local and national data released by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) in January 2021.

Page 1 includes a brief statistical summary of Swansea's labour market (for the survey period ending September 2020) and the claimant count unemployment data for the City & County of Swansea, the Travel to Work Area, local Constituency Areas and equivalent Wales and UK figures as at 10 December 2020, together with the seasonally adjusted claimant count data (Wales and UK only) and national unemployment statistics.  Page 2 of the bulletin includes the claimant count data for Swansea's 36 Electoral Wards, ranked in order of unemployment rate (high to low). 

This web page also contains tables and graphs showing  PDF Document claimant unemployment trends (PDF, 716KB)Opens new window during the last two and 24 years for Swansea, Wales and the UK; plus local and national trends in the wider, survey-based measure of PDF Document unemployment (PDF, 419KB)Opens new window (including the model-based estimates for Swansea).

The latest national statistics for a range of key labour market and economic variables are available via the ONS website links below:

Further local and national labour market and economic data is also available in the Swansea Economic Profile.  If you have any further enquiries regarding local labour market and economic statistics, please contact us.

* The claimant count includes people who claim Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA), plus claimants of Universal Credit who are required to seek work.  The claimant rate is expressed as a proportion of the resident working age population, defined as all people aged 16-64.  

Claimant count statistics are currently designated 'experimental statistics' by ONS due to the following factors:

i. the impact of Universal Credit, which has increased as its roll-out has progressed and may be providing a misleading representation of changes in the UK labour market.  Under Universal Credit (UC) a broader span of claimants are required to look for work than under JSA.  As UC Full Service is rolled out in particular areas, the number of people recorded as being on the claimant count is likely to rise.  In Swansea, this was from December 2017.

ii. enhancements to Universal Credit as part of the UK government's response to the coronavirus mean that an increasing number of people became eligible for unemployment-related benefit support, although still employed.  Consequently changes in the Claimant Count will not be due wholly to changes in the number of people who are unemployed.  It is not currently possible to identify to what extent people who are employed or unemployed have affected the numbers.

** Model-based estimates of unemployment are based on Annual Population Survey (APS) and claimant count data. The estimate is for the 12-month period prior to the given date.  The rate is the number unemployed divided by the economically active population aged 16 and over.

Data source: Claimant Count and Annual Population Survey, ONS/Nomis.

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