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About Swansea

Swansea in figures - key facts about Swansea.

  • Swansea is the second largest city in Wales and the regional commercial centre for South West Wales.
  • Land area: 379.7 sq. kilometres - approximately 69.5% rural and 30.5% urban. 1
  • Population: 245,500 (mid-2017) - the second largest unitary authority in Wales - with a population density of 647 people per sq. km. (Wales: 151). 2
  • Population change: Official estimates suggest that Swansea's population increased by 13,000 between 2007 and 2017 - an average annual growth of 0.6%. 3
  • Births and Deaths: There were 2,364 babies born in Swansea in 2017, and 2,655 deaths registered in the year. 4
  • Life expectancy at birth in Swansea now stands at 77.8 years for males (Wales 78.4) and 82.2 for females (Wales 82.3); with healthy life expectancy 61.4 years for males and 64.5 years for females. 5
  • Housing: Swansea contains around 111,300 dwellings (March 2017), with 63.7% (77,900) of all stock owner-occupied; 20,900 (18.8%) social rented and 19,500 (17.5%) private rented. 6
  • Households: 107,500 households live in Swansea (mid-2016), increasing by 8,800 (+8.9%) over the previous ten years, with a current average household size of 2.23 people (Wales 2.28). 7
  • Swansea Council consists of 36 Electoral Wards, represented by 72 local Councillors. 8
  • Schools: There are 95 local authority maintained schools in Swansea (January 2018) including 79 primary schools and 14 secondary schools.  13 schools are Welsh medium. 9
  • Pupils: Swansea schools contain 35,846 pupils (all ages), with 28,577 aged 5-15 (January 2018). 9
  • Higher and Further Education: Swansea is home to campus centres for Swansea University, University of Wales Trinity St. David and Gower College Swansea, which together support around 24,000 full-time students.10
  • Qualifications: 55.6% of Swansea's residents aged 16-64 are qualified to NVQ levels 3 and 4 (2017) - Wales 54.6%. 11
  • Welsh language: In 2011, 11.4% of people in Swansea aged three and over were able to speak Welsh. 12
  • Ethnicity: Swansea had a minority ethnic group (non-White) population of around 14,300 in 2011 - 6.0% of the total population. 12
  • Country of birth:  In 2011, 78% of Swansea's population were born in Wales, with 17,200 (7.2%) residents born outside the UK. 12
  • Economic output: GVA (Gross Value Added) per head in Swansea stands at £18,892 (2016); 1.3% below the Wales level but 28.3% below the UK average. 13
  • Economic activity: 71.1% of Swansea's working age (16-64) residents are economically active, with 107,500 in employment (68.1% of working age) (March 2018). 14
  • Employment: 110,000 people work in Swansea, mostly (87.5%) in the service sectors, with 28.2% (31,100) employed in the public sector (2016). An estimated 32,600 people commute into Swansea each day (2017).15
  • Businesses: There were 6,895 active businesses in Swansea in 2016, with 840 recorded business 'births' and 845 'deaths' in the year. 16
  • Earnings: Average (median) earnings for full-time employees in Swansea stand at £499.60 per week and £26,198 per year (April 2017). 17
  • Unemployment: 5,900 people in Swansea (5.2% of the economically active population aged 16+) are unemployed (survey period ending March 2018).  The administrative claimant count (June 2018) was 4,660 (3.0% of working age residents). 18
  • Deprivation: The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) 2014 identified 12% of Swansea's local areas as falling within the top 10% most deprived in Wales (WG). 19
  • Transport:  Swansea contains 1,122.9 kilometres (km) of roads (April 2017), of which 15.4km is motorway and 102.4km is 'A' road. There are 151,700 licensed vehicles in Swansea (2017), including 124,900 cars. 20
  • Agriculture: Around 20,900 hectares of land is farmed in the county, with around 380 economically active farms (June 2017). 21
  • Urban Conservation: Swansea currently contains 31 Conservation Areas, 122 Ancient Monuments and over 500 Listed Buildings. 22
  • Waste and recycling: 115,363 tonnes of waste was collected or generated in Swansea in 2016-17, of which 73,482 tonnes (63.7%) was reused, recycled or composted (Wales average 63.8%). 23
  • House Prices: In June 2018, the average house sale price in Swansea was £144,630 - average for Wales £156,886. 24
  • Tourism: Estimates suggest that 4.64 million people visited Swansea Bay in 2017 spending £417.85 million. 25

 


Sources and links:

  1.  Rural Urban Classification (2011) of Output Areas in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (ONS).  Further information is available at www.swansea.gov.uk/geography
  2.  Mid-year estimates of population 2017, ONS.  Further statistics, including population by age, available at www.swansea.gov.uk/population
  3.  ONS mid-year population estimates, 2007-17.  Further information at www.swansea.gov.uk/populationtrends
  4.  Birth and death registrations summary tables 2017, ONS.
  5.  Health state life expectancy statistics, 2014-16, ONS.
  6.  Dwelling stock estimates March 2017, Welsh Government (WG) statistics.
  7.  Mid-year household estimates 2016, WG - see www.swansea.gov.uk/householdestimates
  8.  Further information and statistics about Swansea's wards is available at www.swansea.gov.uk/wardprofiles
  9.  Pupil Level Annual School Census (PLASC), January 2018.  WG statistics (published July 2018).
  10.  Higher and Further Education Statistics 2016-17, WG (published January and February 2018).
  11.  Annual Population Survey (APS) estimates 2017, ONS.  Further information included in the Swansea Economic Profile available at www.swansea.gov.uk/economicprofile 
  12.  2011 Census, ONS.  Census statistics are available at www.swansea.gov.uk/2011censusswansea
  13.  Regional GVA (Gross Value Added) statistics 2016, ONS. 
  14.  APS estimates for survey period ending March 2018, ONS. 
  15.  a) Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES) workplace-based estimates 2016, ONS.  b) Commuting tables 2017, published by WG using APS estimates.
  16.  Business demography statistics 2016, ONS.
  17.  Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) April 2017, ONS.
  18.  Labour Market Statistics, ONS.  Note: further information on items 13-18 available at www.swansea.gov.uk/economicprofile
  19.  Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) 2014, WG.  Further information and local data available at www.swansea.gov.uk/wimd2014
  20.  a) Road Lengths and Conditions 2017-18, WG.  b) Vehicle Licensing Statistics 2017 (Table VEH0105), Department for Transport.
  21.  Annual Welsh Agricultural Survey June 2017, WG.
  22.  Further information on individual listed buildings, ancient monuments and conservation areas in Swansea is available via www.swansea.gov.uk/urbandesignandconservation
  23.  WasteDataFlow and Local Authority Municipal Waste Management statistics 2016-17, WG.
  24.  Land Registry House Price Index (HPI) June 2018, ONS.  Further statistics on house prices and sales at www.swansea.gov.uk/economicprofile
  25.  STEAM research summary 2017 (Scarborough Tourism Economic Activity Model).  Further information available at www.swansea.gov.uk/article/6406/Tourism-research-and-statistics

 


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