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Household income: model-based estimates

Small area estimates of average annual household income (2015-16)

In April 2018, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) released a set of model-based estimates of average (mean) annual household income at a Middle Super Output Area (MSOA) level for 2015/16.  The estimates were compiled using Family Resources Survey (FRS) data together with 2011 Census and administrative data.

Model-based estimates have been produced for the following four income measures:

  • Total annual household income
  • Net annual household income
  • Net annual household income before housing costs (equivalised*)
  • Net annual household income after housing costs (equivalised).

A PDF Document briefing note (PDF, 1MB)Opens new window has been prepared which outlines the basis of the estimates and provides figures for all MSOAs in Swansea. 

MSOAs are a statistical geography generated using Census data from groups of LSOAs (Lower Super Output Areas). They have a minimum size of 5,000 people and 3,000 households, with an average population of 7,500. There are PDF Document 31 MSOAs (PDF, 4MB)Opens new window in the City and County of Swansea.

The estimates indicate a difference of £12,800 between the highest and lowest average MSOA figures for net household annual income in Swansea, ranging from £20,000 to £32,800.

For further information about the small area household income estimates, please contact us.

* Equivalised income is where household income values have been adjusted to take into consideration the number and type of people in the household.

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